«Scientific Articles - Institute of Economic Forecasting Russian Academy of Sciences"


Russian version

Information for authors

General Requirements

The manuscripts proposed for publication in the scientific journal “Scientific Works: Institute of Economic  Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences” should meet the following requirements:

  • comply with the topics of the scientific publication (problems of socio-economic development of Russia, its regions, certain economy sectors; investment, scientific, technical, social and financial policies issues) (see About the Publication);
  • be independent (that is, reflect the Author’s own contribution to the formulation and development of a selected scientific problem). The use in the article of other people’s/own texts already published in other publications or on the Internet, without specifying the source (plagiarism/auto plagiarism) is not allowed and may entail punishment in accordance with the current legislation of the Russian Federation on the copyright and related rights’ protection (see Ethical Principle of Authors);
  • be based (that is, to rely on the works of other scientists and specialists, not only the domestic, but also the foreign ones, as well as on the data of the latest empirical studies, and to contain the relevant references. Please note that when publishing an article on the Russian economy development, the presence of the domestic scientists’ works is mandatory in Literature List (References);
  • be actual and relevant (that is, contain elements of scientific and informational novelty);
  • comply with the logbook design specifications (see Article Design Standards);
  • article of the postgraduate students and applicants should be agreed with the supervisor (the review should be attached).

Before the Editors consider the article, the Author must confirm his agreement with the Author’s Ethics and Peer Review Rules, adopted in the editorial office of “Scientific Works: Institute of Economic  Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences.”

In this case, the proposed article can be reviewed and sent for review, and, if necessary, discussed at the Editorial Board. After that, a decision will be made on the possibility of its publication, taking into account the thematic plans of the scientific publication.

All publications in the scientific publication are carried out free of charge.

Peer Review

All materials submitted to the editorial office if they correspond to its subject matter are reviewed for the purpose of their expert evaluation. The Editorial Board of the scientific journal “Scientific Works: Institute of Economic  Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences” mainly uses the method of “double-blind” (anonymous) peer review, i.e. the Reviewer and the Author do not know each other. Peer review takes from 2 to 8 weeks and consists of several stages. The newly received manuscript initially undergoes internal review by editorial specialists, including the Editor-in-chief. At this stage, the material is pre-evaluated and can be rejected for the following reasons:

  • the manuscript does not fit into the editorial policy and subject matter of the scientific publication; at the same time, the priority in determining the correspondence of the manuscript to the topic of scientific publication and the directions of publishing activities belongs to the Editorial Board;
  • manuscript content does not correspond to the declared topic;
  • knowingly poor quality of the material (ignorance of the main sources and literature on the topic, unsatisfactory evidence base, repetition of conclusions and theses already available and well known in the scientific literature on this issue, journalistic nature and style of the text, etc.);
  • during the manuscript submitting, the current requirements for the design were not taken into account.

The manuscript that has passed the preliminary stage is sent for the external scientific review to an authoritative specialist in the subject area. All reviewers are qualified specialists in the subject of peer-reviewed materials and have publications on the subject of the reviewed article for the last 3 years. During the review process, the quality, originality and integrity of the proposed material is assessed. The Reviewer carries out the scientific examination of the Author’s materials, as a result of which his actions should be of an unbiased nature and his/her duties include:

  • compliance with the confidentiality norms (it is not allowed to transfer or familiarize the third parties who do not obtain the appropriate authority from the editorial board with the review text);
  • identification of cases of plagiarism and other unethical practices;
  • efficiency and objectivity in work, reasoned assessment of study results; personal criticism of the author is unacceptable;
  • control over the indication of information sources;
  • unconditional identification and exclusion of conflicts of interest, including the absence of official and other ties or relations between the Reviewer and the Author;
  • helping to make publishing decisions;
  • the unpublished data from the peer-reviewed manuscript cannot be used by the Reviewer for personal purposes.

The review contains both a formal criteria set for material evaluation (scientific novelty, relevance of the study, degree of topic disclosure, etc.), and (if necessary) recommendations for the Author to finalize the material. If necessary, the Reviewer may recommend including necessary amendments or resubmission after the article improvement. Also, the Reviewer may recommend a refusal to accept the article for various reasons. The Editorial Board of the scientific journal relies on the Reviewer’s opinion when deciding on the acceptance/non-acceptance of the article for publication. The Editorial Board of the publication sends copies of reviews or motivated refusal to the Authors of the submitted materials. The Author is obliged to take into account the Reviewer’s main comments when finalizing the text. Manuscripts rejected by the Editorial Board are not returned. The reviews are kept in the editorial office for 5 years. In the case of corresponding request the editorial office sends copies of reviews to the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.

Ethical Principles of the Scientific Article Authors

The Scientific Article Author is a person who participated (to a large extent – in the presence of several authors) in writing the work, primarily in the development of its concept, in scientific design, collection of initial materials, their analysis and interpretation of the results obtained.

In the case of co-writing work, all co-authors must meet these criteria. The consent of all Authors to publication is mandatory. The Authors ensure that:

  • their scientific work is original (not previously published in other publications in its current or close in content form) and reliable (does not contain deliberately erroneous or falsified statements);
  • the borrowed fragments or approvals are duly executed (with the obligatory indication of the author and the original source). Excessive borrowing, as well as plagiarism in any form, including unformed quotes, paraphrasing or assigning rights to the results of other people’s research, as well as repeating their own previously published texts both in the form of several quotes and without issuing a citation, are unethical and unacceptable;
  • the submitted manuscript is not under review in other editions;
  • all possible conflicts of interest related to copyright and publication of the materials are settled;
  • adequately reflected the contribution of all persons who influenced the study process in one way or another, in particular, the article should contain references to the work that were important in conducting the study;
  • the co-authors should indicate all the persons who made a significant contribution to the conduct of the study (among the co-authors it is unacceptable to indicate persons who did not participate in the study);
  • does not infringe any existing copyright; in the event of such violations, losses will be reimbursed to the publisher;
  • in case the Author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the article at the stage of its consideration or after its publication, he/she must promptly notify the editorial board of the journal.

Violation of at least one of the above rules entails the article rejection. In some cases, the Editors reserve the right to notify the scientific community of the ethical norms and principles violation by the scientific article Author/Authors.

Countering Plagiarism

The Editorial Board of the scientific journal “Scientific Works: Institute of Economic  Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences” proceeds from the suggestion that each Author who sends his manuscript to the journal agrees with the following principles of countering plagiarism and other unethical practices of scientific research and publications. Such actions are not acceptable:

  • literal copying of more than 10% of another person’s paper without its proper design (nomination of authorship, reference to the source, use of quotes);
  • incorrect rephrasing of another person’s work, in which more than one sentence was changed within one paragraph or section of the text, or the sentences were arranged in a different order without a corresponding reference to the source. Significant incorrect paraphrasing (more than 10% of the original work) without reference to the source is equated to literal copying;
  • use of another person’s product elements (for example, a drawing, table or methodology of diagram constructing or conducting calculation or analysis) without specifying authorship, without expressing gratitude, referring to a source or using quotes. Authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder to use elements of his/her work;
  • literal copying and paraphrasing of own works of more than 10% volume (automatic plagiarism);
  • simultaneous submission of the same manuscript to several editors (“a hub-and-spoke system of mailing” and the so called “fan–mailing”);
  • duplication of publications (publication of one manuscript several times, making minimal changes to it);
  • compiling a so-called “new” manuscript from the Author’s previously published works.

Please note that only original articles are published in the scientific journal “Scientific Works: Institute of Economic  Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences”, reprinting of already published materials is not allowed. If the elements of the manuscript have been previously published in another article, the Authors are obliged to refer to their earlier work, indicate a significant difference between the new work and the previous one, and show correspondence of the obtained research results with the conclusions presented in the previous work. When publishing a translated article, it is mandatory to conduct a legal approval procedure with the Author and Publisher of the original version of research.

Resolution of Plagiarism Disputes

The Editorial Board of the scientific journal “Scientific Works: Institute of Economic  Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences” adheres to the academic ethics standards and takes responsibly and seriously all plagiarism cases, including attempts to issue a translation from another language for the Author’s own paper. Manuscripts that raise doubts in terms of ethical compliance are checked by the Editors through the Internet system “Antiplagiate.” In order to ensure objectivity, the Editorial Board examines carefully each such case and considers the arguments of all interested parties. Before taking further action, the Editorial Board seeks to obtain the most accurate information from the Authors of the controversial publication or from copyright owners. The decision of the Editorial Board is impartial, objective and not influenced by the third parties. If plagiarism is suspected, the Author must prove his/her authorship or correctly arrange borrowed pieces of text, after that the editors can re-consider the manuscript. In the case of a serious violation of copyright, as well as that of other ethical norms and rules of scientific research and publications, the manuscript will be rejected, and the cooperation between the Editorial Board and the Author may be terminated. In addition, the Editors have the right to apply to the Ethics Council of the Association of Scientific Editors and Publishers, to the relevant Dissertation Council with a request to check the publications of the specified Author for plagiarism for a period of up to 5 years.

If the article has been published by clarification time of the circumstances of the ethical principles violation, it can be withdrawn from the journal with the appropriate note on the official website of the journal. The Editors reserve the right not to respond to accusations of plagiarism if the prosecutor provides inaccurate personal information or acts in an unethical or threatening form. The Editorial Board is not obliged to discuss cases of alleged plagiarism with the persons not directly related to it.

Design Standards for Articles of the Scientific Journal “Scientific Works: Institute of Economic  Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences”

The task of the annotation to the article is to make the main statements and conclusions of the articles published in the journal understandable and accessible to a wide audience, including a foreign, non-Russian one. In this regard, the annotation in Russian and English languages to the article (Abstract) should be as informative as possible. In addition, the Reference List should fully reflect the scientific results achieved by other researchers in this area, so the Authors are urged to accompany the article with a diversified list of the literature used, the volume of which should be at least 25 sources. All incoming articles are checked for plagiarism and other forms of ethical standards violation (see: Ethical Principles of Authors).

General Parameters

  • Please send the article file to e-mail: nt@ecfor.ru with the Excel file containing tables, graphs and original graph data (if any);
  • Manuscripts should be provided in doc format (Word 1997-2003);
  • Drawings should not be copies or scans from any other sources. The drawings should be accompanied by the signature under each picture. Pictures should be made in a format that allows editing and changing their configuration without additional addressing to Authors. Pictures are provided in individual, separate files;
  • Tables must have headings, and each table must have a corresponding reference in the text. The table number must be aligned to the right side of the page, and the table header must be centered;
  • Formulas must be typed in the MS Equation or MathType editor and be editable. Letter designations in formulas, in figures and in subscripts under the pictures must be marked in accordance with standards (Latin words – in Italic Font; Russian, Greek words as well as digital indices – in Direct Font). The formulas are numbered to the right side;
  • In the article the References List (sources of literature used) is placed at the end of the paper under the heading “References”;
  • The scope of the article, including tables and figures, should not be less than 0.5 printed sheet (20,000 text characters with spaces, excluding Annotations, Keywords and Reference List) and no more than printed sheet (40,000 text characters with spaces);
  • Page setup: top margin -2 cm, bottom margin -2 cm, left margin -3.5 cm, right margin -2 cm;
  • Times New Roman Font, size 12 pt;
  • First line indent – 1,25;
  • Line spacing -1,5;
  • Article title –TNR, 16 pt, bold, capital letters, center alignment;
  • Author’s name – TNR, 16 pt, bold, lowercase letters, center alignment;
  • Subheadings within Article – TNR, 12 pt, bold, Italic, lowercase letters;
  • Footnotes: TNR, 11 pt, Line Spacing -1, no first-line identification;
  • No automatic hyphenation;
  • The main type of quotation marks is « ». However, if there is a scrawled fragment inside the quote, then it should be highlighted with “” and the whole quote with « »;
  • In the title of the article in English, all significant words are written in capital letters.

Article Structure

Four blocks are conditionally distinguished in the article.

  1. Information on the article in Russian (sample):


Information about Author (s): full name, academic degree, academic title, position /positions, affiliation/affiliates of the Author (place of work), ORCID ID (if any), Scopus author ID (if any), e-mail, contact phone number (for Editorial Office).


Keywords (up to 10 words)

  1. Article Text
  2. References

References to sources in the reference list are numbered sequentially, in order of their first mention in the text. References in text, tables and captions to figures are indicated by Arabic numerals [in square brackets] and, if necessary, specific page/pages are indicated.

4 Information on the article in English (sample):


Information about Author (s): full name, academic degree, academic title, position /positions, affiliation/affiliates of the Author (place of work), ORCID ID (if any), Scopus author ID (if any), e-mail, contact phone number (for Editorial Office).



Annotation Requirements (in Russian and English)

  1. The annotation should be informative (do not contain general words), meaningful (reflect the main content of the article, describe the main goals and methods of conducting the study, summarize the most important results of the study and their scientific significance), structured (follow the logic of article composition). The use of common and meaningless words, increasing the scope and space, without contributing to the disclosure of the article content, should be categorically avoided.
  2. The annotation volume should be essentially limited (up to 600 characters).

Arrangement of Footnotes or References

Initials are placed after the Author’s/Editor’s family name. The book (monograph, editions) must indicate the year, place of publication, publishing house, the total number of pages. Statistical editions, analytical reports, patents, presentation files, dictionaries, teaching aids, regulatory acts, television interviews, TV programs, videos on YouTube and other services are not included in the reference list, but are framed as footnotes. Please note that when publishing an article on the Russian economy development, including of the domestic scientists’ works is mandatory in References. The monograph indicates the total number of pages (235 p.), in the article – the range of pages on which the article is located (pp. 220-222). If the publication has a DOI, be sure to specify.

Article (in a magazine, a newspaper):

Article in Russian:

Ползиков Д.А. Текущее состояние продовольственной безопасности в странах ЕАЭС // ЭКО. 2020. № 6. С. 67-86. DOI: 10.30680/ЕСО0131-7652-2020-6-67-86

Author A. Title. The Name of the Newspaper, dd.mm.yyyy. 

Article in English, French, German and other languages (Latin):

Author A.A., Author B.B., Author C.C. Title of article. Title of Journal, 2005, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 49-53. DOI: 10.3109/10837450.2013.840845 Available at: name of the Internet resource (accessed 00.00.0000).

Book (monograph, collection edited, article in the collection of works, chapter in the book):

Edition in Russian:

Саяпова А.Р., Широв А.А. Основы метода затраты-выпуск. Москва, МАКС Пресс, 2019. 336 с. DOI: 10.29003/m801.978-5-317-06263-7

Sayapova A.R., Shirov A.A. Basics of the Cost-Output Method. Moscow, MAKS Press, 2019. 336 p. DOI: 10.29003/m801.978-5-317-06263-7

Моисеев А.К. Макрофинансовая политика экономического роста: монография. М.: Научный консультант. 2017. 214 с.

Moiseev A.K. Macro-financial Policy of Economic Growth: Monograph. M.: Scientific Consultant. 2017. 214 p.

Edition in English, French, German and other languages (Latin):

Joskow P. Competitive Electricity Markets and Investment in New Generating Capacity. Boston, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006. 74 p.

Description of the translation book:

In the Russian translation edition, the spelling of surnames should be given in a foreign language, and not to be literally translated into Russian surnames.

Timoshenko S.P., Young D.H., Weaver W. Vibration Problems in Engineering. 4th ed. New York, Wiley, 1974. 521 p.

Internet Resource:

Porfiriev BN, Shirov AA, Kolpakov A.Yu. Climate for People, not People for Climate. Expert No. 31-34 of 27.07.2020. Access mode: https://ecfor.ru/publication/klimat-dlya-lyudej-a-ne-lyudi-dlya-klimata/ (accessed date 23.09.2020)

Dissertation (Thesis) or Abstract of the Dissertation (Thesis):

Shirov A.A. Multilevel Structural Researches as a Tool for Justifying Economic Policy. Autoref. diss. Doctor of Economic Sciences. Moscow, 2016. 45 p.

Широв А.А. Многоуровневые структурные исследования как инструмент обоснования экономической политики. Автореф. дисс. докт. эк. наук. Москва, 2016. 45 с.

General Comments on the Text

The period is not put after: headings, title of article, author’s name of the article, names of tables, figures, dimensions (s – second, g – gram, m – meter).

The period is placed after: footnotes (including that in tables), notes to tables and figures, abbreviations (month – month, year – year, million – million, billion – billion, trillion – trillion, rub. – ruble, dollar – dollar, thousand – thousand,), XX century (ХХ в.), 1985-1990, (but not 1990s), cc. m (not m3), 1990-е годы (but not 1990-е y.y.).

A dash with spaces is used to denote a text dash:… where e – is the price elasticity of demand.

A dash without spaces denotes a system, border, dependence, etc., and also connects several surnames, names, concepts: the Clapeiron-Clausius equation, the lead-tin-tellurium system, the Altai-Sayana zone; January-February 1992.

Hyphen without gaps: Professor M.M. Gusev-Lebedev, DRON-3 device.

Hyphen with gaps is never used.